The New American Diplomacy in Israel
As Mike Pence visits the Near East and after delivering a long speech at the Knesset, the Trump administration's strategy in the Middle East and especially in the Peace Process has triggered many questions in Europe. Martin Quencez argues that Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel is meant to both please the president's political base in the United States, and reaffirm his intentions to strengthen the "traditional" U.S. alliances in the region. The U.S. National Security Strategy identifies Jihadist groups and Iran as the two main challenges for U.S. foreign policy in the MENA, and the U.S.–Israeli relationship is viewed as particularly important in this context. Other U.S. allies such as Jordan, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia, although criticizing Trump's decision on Jerusalem, have been relatively cautious not to oppose the U.S. president as they remain highly dependent on U.S. support, and also share strategic concerns regarding the Iranian influence. For the Peace Process, it is hard to see how the latest U.S. initiatives and Pence's visit in the region can help the dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians; the prospect of peace, however, was already very low when Trump entered in the White House.