GMF - The German Marshall Fund of the United States - Strengthening Transatlantic Cooperation

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Diba Nigar Göksel


Turkey’s Visa Free Travel Process with the EU: Trap or Gift?December 19, 2014

This policy brief explores the prospects for visa-free travel to the EU by Turkish citizens.

Turkey’s Turn Toward the EU: Superficial or Real?September 12, 2014

This policy brief argues that Turkish leaders need to do more to prove to Europe they are ready for real democratic reforms.

From Sochi to Euromaidan: Where is Turkey along Europe’s Eastern Fault-Lines?March 17, 2014

This brief assesses Turkey’s balancing act between Russia and the West.

Turkey’s Europeanization: Conspiracy or Democracy?November 12, 2013

This policy brief argues for a more hands-on approach for the EU in Turkey.

Turkey and Georgia: Zero-Problems?June 19, 2013

This policy brief examines current relations between Turkey and Georgia.

Gay Rights: Where is Turkey Heading?March 28, 2013

This policy brief looks at the legal status of LGBT citizens in Turkey.

Turkish History Revisited: Uniting or Polarizing?January 30, 2013

This policy brief looks at the way Turkey's ruling party is invoking history.

Turkey and the EU: What Next?December 05, 2012

This policy brief outlines two relatively positive scenarios for Turkey-EU relations.

Rights, Wrongs, and Freedoms in TurkeyAugust 06, 2012

This policy brief examines tensions in Turkey between social conservatives and liberals.

The Caucasus Triangle and Taksim SquareApril 13, 2012

This policy brief examines current and possible future relations between Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan.

Turkey and the EU: The Limits of Unconditional AlignmentJanuary 05, 2012

This policy brief discusses the current limitations of cooperation between Turkey and the EU.

Turkish Policy towards the Caucasus: A Balance Sheet of the Balancing ActNovember 10, 2011

This policy paper examines Turkey's relations with countries in the Caucasus....

Can Turkey Inspire? Part II — Turkish Civil Society: From Black Sheep to Synergy in the Black SeaSeptember 27, 2011

This policy brief encourages Turkish NGOs to become more involved in the greater Black Sea region....

Can Turkey Inspire? Part I: Civil Society in the MENA NeighborhoodSeptember 14, 2011

This policy brief encourages Turkish NGOs to be more active in the Mediterranean neighborhood....

Europe’s Neighborhood: Can Turkey Inspire?May 05, 2011

This policy brief argues that synergy between Turkish and European counterparts is needed to increase Turkey’s contribution to positive change in region.

Europe and Turkey – Back to the Future?March 15, 2011

This policy brief explains that further political reforms in Turkey will require the alignment of diverse stakeholders.

Turks and Armenians: Walking the Reconciliation TightropeOctober 13, 2010

This policy brief explores the implications for Turkish/Armenian relations of the first religious service held in 95 years at the Armenian Church of the Holy Cross (Surb Khach) in eastern Turkey on September 19.

On Turkey – Turkey and the EU: Looking Back on 2009January 26, 2010

Since 1999, Turkey has been a candidate for membership in the European Union. Early on, the process of accession united divergent political and social camps and triggered a virtual cycle of change. For the past few years, however, both the pace of reforms to meet the EU's political criteria and the enthusiasm for membership have declined.

A Brave New World for Turkey and Armenia?October 01, 2009

Public discussions of the initialed protocols between Turkey and Armenia that were released on the night of August 31 are ongoing in both countries. The protocols can be welcomed as the basis for a more informed discussion. However, aspects of the protocols which have intentionally been left open to interpretation raise suspicions on both sides.

Women in Turkey — What is on Paper, What is in Practice?August 31, 2009

The World Gender Gap Index of 2008 ranked Turkey 123rd of 130 countries. Turkey's action-or inaction-regarding female participation in local politics is crucial to improving the place of women in Turkish society, and the place of Turkey in the world.

Rhetoric and Reality: Turkish Politics Inside and OutJuly 30, 2009

The debate about Turkey's foreign policy in Washington centers around whether Turkey is anchored to the West as it strengthens its regional ties or whether Turkey is intent on creating a second bloc, a "Muslim pole," for a new and just world order. Though it is in the interest of the United States that Turkish democracy is consolidated, Washington has a limited set of tools to steer Turkey down this path. The EU process is the single most influential factor in correcting the many distortions with in Turkey's political world.

Turkey and Azerbaijan: Passion, Principle, or Pragmatism?June 04, 2009

Efforts toward normalization between Turkey and Armenia in April 2009 have brought to light ongoing tensions in Turkish-Azerbaijani relations. Though united by language and ethnicity, the potential for the realization of "one nation, two states" has brought forth resentments between the two countries. This brief addresses factors that contribute to questions including: What substantiates the Turkey-Azerbaijan relationship? And what is the rationale of this bond?

Turkey and Armenia: Adjusting ExpectationsMay 18, 2009

In the months leading up to April 2009, Turkey's concern that the events of 1915 would be termed "genocide" dominated speculation as to when and how Turkey would normalize relations with Armenia. A resolution to the conflict will be a necessary precondition in the implementation of a roadmap in normalizing relations between Turkey and Armenia.