Europe’s new cleavages, and in particular the North-South divide that seems to be a lasting trace of the crises in the euro area, are an often-quoted phenomenon. However, the root causes and longer-term implications of these developments are only partially understood. The Europe Program at GMF explores the reality of this divide between European member states, in terms of economics, governance, finances, and public opinion. GMF brings together relevant actors to discuss how and to what degree the observed divergences are relevant for future policymaking in the European Union, and what measures can be taken on the EU and national levels to help reverse the trends. GMF’s work addresses socio-economic developments, the political-institutional setting, best practices, reform processes in Southern European member states, and the European dimension of re-shaping socio-economic systems under the legacy of the crisis.