Dr. Karen Donfried is president of The German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF). Before assuming this role in April 2014, Donfried was the special assistant to the president and senior director for European affairs on the National Security Council at the White House. In that capacity, she was the president’s principal advisor on Europe and led the interagency process on the development and implementation of the president’s European policies. Prior to the White House, Donfried served as the national intelligence officer (NIO) for Europe on the National Intelligence Council, the intelligence community’s center for strategic thinking. As NIO, she directed and drafted strategic analysis to advance senior policymakers’ understanding of Europe. Donfried first joined GMF in 2001 after having served for ten years as a European specialist at the Congressional Research Service. From 2003-05, she was responsible for the Europe portfolio on the U.S. Department of State's Policy Planning Staff. Her second term of service at GMF was 2005-10, first as senior director of policy programs and then as executive vice president. Donfried serves as a Senior Fellow at the Center for European Studies at Harvard University. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She was a member of U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry’s Foreign Affairs Advisory Board from 2015-17. From 2014-16, Donfried served as vice chair of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on the United States; in 2016, she became a member of WEF’s Global Future Council on Regional Governance.