What Security Minds Think About NATO’s Past And Future
From Germany to Poland to Brussels, key voices have reaffirmed the centrality of NATO and criticized Macron’s assessment as not only disruptive but also as damaging. The productive debate that Macron’s interview in The Economist sparked is about what responsibility Europeans can and should take for their own defence. The emerging consensus across Warsaw, Berlin, and Paris are that Europe should do more, that it needs greater capabilities, and the ability to act. Where some Europeans disagree, though, is on the role the United States will be willing and able to play in European security given the rise of its strategic competitor in Asia.
France under President Macron seems to be saying that the United States is already an unreliable ally, and therefore that it is time for Europe to go in the direction of strategic autonomy. That calculation seems to miss the reality that replacing US military capabilities in Europe alone would cost €350 billion. This, pushes Germany and Poland closer together, as they see NATO clearly at the centre of European security, even if they somewhat disagree on the long-term trajectory of the United States as a European power. But where all three countries agree is that Europe needs greater military capabilities.