On March 12, 2015, the German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) hosted Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Thomas O. Melia for an event entitled, “Moldova: Between the EU and Russia.” While the Association Agreement Moldova signed with the European Union last spring marked the country’s clear path toward the West, and the country’s recent elections have maintained the pro-European coalition government, Moldova is also still recovering from widespread corruption that threatened the collapse of the National Bank of Moldova in 2013. Establishing accountability in its political system, a stable economy, and an independent civil society, as well as investing in human capital through training and educating the next generation of policymakers, will be critical to institutionalizing Moldova’s domestic reforms. These topics and more were the focus of the discussion moderated by GMF Senior Vice President for Programs Ivan Vejvoda. Given Melia’s recent participation in a GMF study tour to the region, the conversation, held under the Chatham House rule, offered on-the-ground insights into Moldova’s recent elections, economic state, and its relationships with Europe, the United States, and Russia. The event was attended by over 50 people from the government, private, diplomatic, academic, and think tank communities.