Creating a Triple-Win through Labor Migration Policy? Lessons from Germany
The issue of managed migration and labor recruitment schemes has reached a new political salience in countries such as Germany. Demographic decline, critical labor shortages in certain sectors, and shifting global migration patterns have provided the impetus for legislative changes, making Germany one of the most open countries for certain groups of migrants. One key question is how new policies may be best designed and utilized for the maximum benefit of all actors involved, creating a so-called triple-win: for the receiving country, the sending country, and the migrant. Related is the question of how migration programs may best contribute to a positive development impact in countries of origin.
This report compiles the lessons learned from the Migration Strategy Group on Global Competitiveness (MSG), a project of The German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) and the Robert Bosch Stiftung, which brought together relevant stakeholders in various formats over the course of one year. The report highlights insights regarding policy tools and migration avenues and their potential for creating a true triple-win. It describes the background of a changed migration landscape in Germany, the genesis of triple-win thinking and the migration/development nexus, and the lessons learned from current policy tools: EU Mobility Partnerships and bilateral pilot projects. It further presents challenges and opportunities of the concept of training partnerships as a new migration model that could potentially offer a new way on combining migration and developmental policies creatively and effectively.