The Purpose of Constitutional Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina
To become a member of the European Union, Bosnia and Herzegovina must be capable of meeting the responsibilities that go with membership. Bosnia and Herzegovina's institutions of government today resemble the "ethnofederalist" institutions of the former Yugoslavia, just as its current constitution resembles Yugoslavia's 1974 constitution. Without strong institutions and without the subordination of its cultural cleavages and its center-region conflicts to central governmental authority, the country could fall apart. Even if the country does stay together, Bosnia and Herzegovina's constitution must evolve, for the demands of European integration will place new responsibilities on the state. The purpose of constitutional reform, then, should be to strengthen the central institutions of representative democratic governance; to set out a clear and workable division of responsibilities between the regional and the central governments; and to bring the country into conformity with its international obligations.