Rediscovering the Mediterranean: A Transatlantic Perspective on Security and Strategy
The American presence in the Mediterranean is longstanding, but despite 200 years of engagement in the region, the American perspective on the Mediterranean remains distinctive and diffused. The European Union and key European partners have Mediterranean strategies in place, and the French-led initiative for a Mediterranean Union points to new dynamism in Europe's policy looking south. Washington, by contrast, continues to divide the region, intellectually and bureaucratically along rigid regional lines-Europe, including southern Europe on the one hand, the Middle East and North Africa on the other.
The strategic environment in the Mediterranean will be shaped by trends already visible, including the return of Russia and the emergence of China as regional players. But the environment may also be transformed by potential shocks or "wildcards" capable of recasting the outlook for security and insecurity across the region.