Ukraine Between Two Paths of Integration
Eight years after the Orange Revolution and less than a month before new parliamentary elections, Ukraine still finds itself at the crossroads of major geopolitical integration processes. The uncertainty of the situation magnifies the current crisis in relations between Ukraine and the EU caused by domestic political processes in Ukraine. It casts doubts on the prospects of Ukraine’s European integration in general, and, in particular on the signing and coming into force of the Association Agreement with the EU, which envisages creation of an important integration vehicle — the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area. On the other hand, Russia has stepped up pressure on Ukraine to re-engage in projects aimed at the reintegration of former Soviet space: the Customs Union, the Single Economic Space, and, in the future, the Eurasian Union. Ukraine remains a prisoner of this stark choice, a choice the current government has only made rhetorically. Moreover, relations in the Ukraine-EU-Russian Federation triangle are being further complicated by the shifting and contradictory processes taking place on the European continent, which underline the urgency of finding the answers to new challenges and threats.