Understanding the Duality in Indian Strategic Thinking
India is in many respects the world's most globalized society, having both absorbed and exported traditions and ideas over the centuries. This dynamic has also given Indian society an exceptional level of continuity. Consequently, India continues to live its past as it grapples with the responsibilities and challenges of its future.
The divide in India's foreign policy between globalization and insularity is accentuated by its democratic politics, with Lord Curzon's expansionistic vision of India's international presence in competition with the inward-looking non-alignment associated with Nehru. While there is a broad consensus on issues such as terrorism and India's presence in multilateral institutions, the contest between these two visions will continue to define how India sees its place in the world.