Miriam Eisermann
Ian Turner
Philip A. Ackermann

Transatlantic Defense Cooperation: Toward Integration or Fragmentation?

The European Union is taking a fresh look at its defense policies. Initiatives such as the European Defense Fund or the Permanent Structured Cooperation should make Europe’s defense industry more competitive and ensure that Europeans are able to defend themselves and project stability in their neighborhood and beyond. But as Europe is on the march to integrate its defense, there is an immediate interest to do so in a way that it complements, and not contradicts, existing and future NATO missions, capabilities, and priorities.