Emily O'Reilly
Jeffrey Gedmin
Norman Eisen
Ben Hodges
Nad’a Kovalcikova
Program Manager at the Alliance for Securing Democracy (ASD)

Hybrid Warfare in the Black Sea: Romania, Europe, and NATO Collective Responses

The Black Sea region faces an increase in new forms of hybrid warfare that require solid responses from local actors and international partners.  The German Marshall Fund of the United States, in partnership with Romania’s  Ministry of National Defense, aims to encourage an exchange of views and best practices through an interactive debate focused on addressing hybrid threats in the Black Sea region. What type of hybrid threats is it encountering? What are the national, regional, and EU/NATO responses? What more can be done at the EU/NATO level to safeguard the region?