Technology is the focus of the intensifying competition between the United States and China, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) is at the core. China views AI as a means to gain a strategic advantage over the United States and its allies. It intends to use AI to build a world-class military. Beijing also views AI as an enabler of surveillance and repression that can help to bolster its illiberal model of governance. China’s national AI strategy calls for a vast expansion of AI in manufacturing, governance, and national defense, with China becoming a global leader in the field by 2030 through multiple AI technology innovations and personnel training centers.

To discuss this topic, host Bonnie Glaser is joined by Gregory Allen, director of the Wadhwani Center for AI and Advanced Technologies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). Before joining CSIS, he was the director of strategy and policy at the Department of Defense (DOD) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, where he oversaw development and implementation of the DOD’s AI Strategy, drove policy and human capital reforms to accelerate the DOD’s adoption of AI, and developed mechanisms for AI governance and ethics.

Episode Highlights:

[01:37] Centrality of AI in US-China Competition

[04:21] China’s Strengths and Weaknesses

[06:20] Progress in the Field of AI

[09:54] Reducing the Risk of Military AI Accidents

[13:37] Discussing AI with the Chinese Government

[16:11] Biden Administration’s Export Controls on AI

[21:31] Reducing Dependency on the West

[24:15] Collaborating on AI Regulation

[27:25] Who will spearhead the next Technological Revolution?